三维编织碳/酚醛复合材料研究进展
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北京机电工程总体设计部,北京 100854

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TB332

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Research Progress of 3D Braided Carbon/phenolic Composites
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Beijing System Design Institute of Mechanical-Electrical Engineering,Beijing 100854

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    摘要:

    航天装备面临着越来越严苛的热环境,对防热材料的性能要求不断提高。三维编织碳/酚醛复合材料是一种综合性能优异的烧蚀防热材料,并且得益于三维编织预制体的特殊结构而具有极佳的可设计性,能够实现防热-结构一体化要求,随着编织工艺和成型工艺的不断发展,三维编织碳/酚醛逐渐成为航天领域热防护系统理想的候选材料。本文从三维编织碳纤维预成型体、酚醛树脂基体、成型工艺、复合材料耐烧蚀性能四个方面总结了三维编织碳/酚醛复合材料的相关研究进展。

    Abstract:

    Thermal environment for aerospace equipment is becoming more and more severe, which comes up with a strict requirement for thermal protection system. Three-dimensional (3D) braided carbon/phenolic composite is a kind of ablation material with excellent designability due to the special structure of 3D braided preform, which helps to realize the integration of heat-proof requirement and mechanical requirement. With the development of braiding and molding technology, 3D braided carbon/phenolic composite has gradually become an ideal candidate material for thermal protection system in aerospace field. This article summarizes the research progress of 3D braided carbon/phenolic composites from four aspects: 3D braided carbon fiber preform, phenolic resin matrix, molding process, and composite material ablation performance.

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李茂源,陈晓妍,卢林,李奕臻,崔光,赵路,曹淑波,王施达.三维编织碳/酚醛复合材料研究进展[J].宇航材料工艺,2022,52(2):59-66.

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历史
  • 收稿日期:2022-01-28
  • 最后修改日期:2022-03-30
  • 录用日期:2022-03-07
  • 在线发布日期: 2022-04-20
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