金属材料损伤分析中的物理冶金分析技术
作者:
作者单位:

1.中国航空发动机集团,中国航发北京航空材料研究院,北京 100097;2.中国航发北京航空材料研究院,航空材料检测与评价北京市重点实验室,材料检测与评价航空科技重点实验室,中国航空发动机集团材料检测与评价重点实验室,北京 100095

作者简介:

王祺,1987年出生,硕士,工程师,主要从事金属材料的微观组织及其与材料的工艺、性能、损伤行为的关系的研究工作。E-mail:qi2696@sina.com

通讯作者:

范映伟,1980年出生,博士,高级工程师,主要从事金属材料的微观组织及其与材料的工艺、性能、损伤行为的关系的研究工作。E-mail:yingwei.fan@yahoo.com

基金项目:

国家重点研发计划项目(2017YFA0403704)


A Review on Physical Metallurgy Techniques Used in Damage Analysis of Metallic Materials
Author:
Affiliation:

1.Aero Engine Corporation of China,Beijing 100097;2.AECC Beijing Institute of Aeronautical Materials,Beijing Key Laboratory of Aeronautical Materials Testing and Evaluation,Aviation Key Laboratory of Science and Technology on Materials Testing and Evaluation,Key Laboratory of Aeronautical Materials Testing and Evaluation,Aero Engine Corporation of China,Beijing 100095

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    摘要:

    综述了金属材料损伤分析中常用的五类物理冶金分析技术:组织结构分析技术;物理性能分析技术;化学成分分析技术;残余应力分析技术及原位分析技术。基于各类分析技术在金属材料损伤分析中的应用展开了详细讨论,并详细对比分析了各类分析技术在损伤分析应用中的优势和局限性,同时针对损伤分析过程中各类分析技术的选择和使用提出了基本的思路。

    Abstract:

    Five commonly used categories of characterization techniques in physical metallurgy employed for damage analysis of metallic materials were reviewed in this paper. The techniques with regards to microstructural characterization, physical property measurement, chemical composition analysis, residual stress measurement and in situ characterization were covered. Application of each technique for the analysis of damage in metallic materials was discussed in detail. Comprehensive comparison between various techniques was also made, and the advantages and limitations associated with the exploitation of the reviewed techniques were proposed. The major considerations in selection of these techniques for damage analysis were discussed as well, based on their specific applications.

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王祺,范映伟.金属材料损伤分析中的物理冶金分析技术[J].宇航材料工艺,2020,50(6):15-30.

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  • 收稿日期:2020-09-27
  • 最后修改日期:2020-11-12
  • 录用日期:2020-10-13
  • 在线发布日期: 2021-01-15