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空气耦合超声探头声场及其对检测的影响
吴君豪, 何双起, 罗明, 吴时红, 张颖
航天材料及工艺研究所, 北京 100076
摘要:
搭建空气耦合超声探头声场的指向性测量系统,考察4种型号的空气耦合超声探头声场的指向性。对预制分层缺陷的复合材料试样进行检测,分析了声场对检测结果的影响。结果表明,低频率、平探头的声场能量高,指向性较差,而高频率、聚焦探头声场能量低,指向性好,检测横向分辨率高。在保证穿透能力的前提下,应尽量选择后者。根据探头声场分布情况,合理调整检测距离,使被检材料位于探头的焦区内,也能够提高检测灵敏度。
关键词:  空气耦合  超声检测  声场  缺陷评定
DOI:10.12044/j.issn.1007-2330.2018.02.015
分类号:TB553
基金项目:
Acoustic Field of Air-Coupled Ultrasonic Probe and Its Effect on Detection
WU Junhao, HE Shuangqi, LUO Ming, WU Shihong, ZHANG Ying
Aerospace Research Institute of Materials & Processing Technology, Beijing 100076
Abstract:
A measurement system of air coupled ultrasonic field is set up, and the field of 4 types of air coupled ultrasonic probe is detected. Composite specimens with embedded delamination are detected, effect of acoustic field on the detection results is analyzed. The results show that the low frequency and flat probe have high acoustic field energy and poor directivity, while the high frequency and focusing probe has low acoustic field energy, good directivity and high lateral resolution. The latter should be chosen as long as the penetration capability is guaranteed. Detection distance should be determined according to the acoustic field distribution. The detection sensitivity can be improved when the detected material is located in the focal region of the probe.
Key words:  Air-coupled  Ultrasonic testing  Acoustic field  Defect evaluation