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新型多层绝热材料组合包覆工艺及其绝热性能
吴天泽1, 熊春晓1, 朱文杰2, 赵一搏1, 申雄刚1
1.航天材料及工艺研究所,北京 100076;2.上海空间推进研究所,上海 200240
摘要:
在深空探测过程中,利用多层隔热材料是降低低温推进剂蒸发量的主要隔热方式。但多层绝热材料其结构较为复杂,加工、安装和使用条件都非常特殊,决定了其在深空探测应用中具有一定的难度。本文首先从工艺特性的角度,通过与常规包覆方法进行对比,对多层绝热材料在贮箱表面的组装工艺进行探究,采用尼龙搭扣带、胶钉枪开发了一套效能高、经济性好的新型固定方法,通过高真空测试平台对该多层绝热包覆工艺进行测试并分析其绝热效应的影响。结果表明:使用该包覆工艺成型的多层绝热组件当量热导率可以达到1.1 mW/(m·K),且具有较小的漏热量,系统稳定性好。
关键词:  多层绝热  低温推进剂贮箱  绝热性能  搭边工艺
DOI:10.12044/j.issn.1007-2330.2019.03.011
分类号:
基金项目:
Combined Coating Process of Multilayer Insulation Material and Exploration on Its Thermal Insulation Performance
WU Tianze1, XIONG Chunxiao1, ZHU Wenjie2, ZHAO Yibo1, SHEN Xionggang1
1.Aerospace Research Institute of Materials & Processing Technology,Beijing 100076;2.Shanghai Institute of Space Propulsion,Shanghai 200240
Abstract:
In the process of the deep space explorations,the application of multilayer insulation materials has been extensively recognized as the most common method of realizing heat insulation in propellant tanks.Compared to other materials,however,the structure in which multilayer insulation materials are made is relatively complex. Additionally,there are also a set of specialized criteria to which its processing,installation,and application are constrained.This paper explored the assembly process in the practical processing of multilayer insulation materials by developing a new and standardized mode of using Velcro straps and glue guns.Next,the performance of this process was recorded and compared with the conventional winding coating process.Subsequently,the multilayer insulation coating process was tested and the influence of adiabatic effect was analyzed.Through the high vacuum test platform,the equivalent thermal conductivity of the multilayer insulation components formed by this process could reach 1.1 mW/(m·K) with smaller heat leakage and system stability.
Key words:  Multilayer insulation  Cryogenic propellant tank  Insulation performance  Lapping process